Everything You Want to Know About Depression

Everything You Want to Know About Depression

Health & Fitness

What is Depression?

In his article we will learn Everything You Want to Know About Depression.Depression is classified as a mood disorder. It can be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with a person’s daily activities.

This is also quite common. According to reliable sources from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 8.1% of American adults over the age of 20 suffered from depression for two weeks from 2013 to 2016.

People experience depression in different ways. This can interfere with your daily work, wasting time and reducing productivity. It can also affect relationships and some chronic illnesses.

Conditions that can be made worse by depression include:

  • arthritis
  • asthma
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • cancer
  • diabetes
  • obesity

It is important to realize that depression is sometimes part of everyday life. Sad and troubling events happen to everyone. However, if you regularly experience depression or despair, you may be struggling with depression.

Depression is considered a serious medical condition that can be made worse without proper treatment. Patients seeking treatment often see improvement in their symptoms within a few weeks.

Symptoms of Depression

Depression can be more than a state of constant sadness and a feeling of “sadness”.

Severe depression can cause a variety of symptoms. Some affect mood, others affect the body. Symptoms can progress or come and go.

The symptoms of depression can be perceived differently in men, women, and children.


Causes of Depression

There are several possible causes of depression. They can range from biological to contextual.

Common causes are

Family history: If you have a family history of depression or other mood disorders, you are at an increased risk of developing depression.

Childhood trauma: Some events affect the way your body reacts to anxiety and stressful situations.

The structure of the brain: Less activity in the frontal lobe of the brain increases the risk of depression.

Medical condition:  Certain medical conditions like chronic illness, insomnia, chronic pain, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be at increased risk.

About 21 percent of people with drug problems suffer from depression. In addition to these causes, other risk factors for depression are:

  • Low self-esteem or self-criticism.
  • Personal history of mental illness
  • Specific medicine
  • Stressful events like loss of loved ones, financial problems, divorce.
  • Many factors can affect depression. It also affects who develops depression and who doesn’t.

The causes of depression are often linked to other factors in your health. However, often healthcare providers cannot determine the cause of depression.

Depression Test

However, your doctor can make a diagnosis based on your symptoms and a psychological exam.

Most often, they’ll ask a series of questions about you:

  • feeling
  • appetite
  • Sleep pattern
  • Activity level
  • idea

Because depression can be linked to other health problems, your doctor may do a physical exam and order a blood test. Thyroid problems and vitamin D deficiency can cause symptoms of depression.

Don’t ignore the symptoms of depression. See a doctor if your mood doesn’t improve or worsen. Depression is a serious mental illness that can be a complication.

If left untreated, the following complications can occur:

  • Weight gain and loss.
  • Physical strain
  • Substance abuse problems
  • Panic attack
  • relationship problems
  • Social isolation
  • Suicidal thought
  • Self-harm

Types of Depression

Depression can be classified according to the severity of the symptoms. Some experience mild and transient episodes while others experience severe and continuous episodes of depression.

There are two main types of depression: Major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder.

Major depressive disorder

Major depressive disorder is a more serious depressive disorder. It is characterized by persistent sadness, despair, and useless emotions that don’t go away on their own.

Everything You Want to Know About Depression

To diagnose clinical depression, at least 5 of the following symptoms must appear within 2 weeks:


  • He’s depressed most of the day
  • Loss of interest in most common activities.
  • Significant weight loss or gain
  • Sleeps a lot or can’t sleep
  • Slow thinking and moving
  • Fatigue or lack of energy most days.
  • Feeling worthless and guilty.
  • Loss of concentration or indecision.
  • Repeated thoughts of death and suicide.

There are several subtypes of major depressive disorder that the American Psychiatric Association calls “Designated Children.”

These include:

  • Atypical function
  • Anxious pain
  • Mixing function
  • Perinatal onset, during pregnancy or immediately after delivery.
  • Seasonal pattern
  • Features of melancholy
  • Features of psychosis
  • catatonia
  • Persistent depressive disorder
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) was formerly known as dysthymia. Mild but chronic depression.

Persistent depressive disorder

Symptoms must last at least two years for the diagnosis to be made. PDD is long-lasting and can affect your life more than major depression.

People with PDD often do the following:

  • Loses interest in normal everyday life.
  • Feel despair
  • Lack of productivity
  • Low self-confidence
  • Depression can be treated well, but it’s important to follow a treatment plan.

Treatment of Depression

Living with depression can be difficult, but treatment can improve your quality of life.

In some cases, treatment can control symptoms well; in other cases, the combination of treatments is more effective.

It is common to combine the following medical and lifestyle therapies:


Your doctor may prescribe:

  • antidepressant
  • Anti-fear
  • Antipsychotics

Each type of drug used to treat depression has potential benefits and risks.



Talking to the therapist will help you learn the skills to deal with negative emotions.


Exposure to white light helps regulate mood and improve symptoms of depression. Often used for seasonal affective disorder, phototherapy is known today as a major depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern.

Alternative Therapy

Ask your doctor about acupuncture and meditation. There are also herbal supplements such as fish oil that are also used to treat depression.

Talk to your doctor before taking any supplements or combining them with prescription drugs, as some supplements can react with certain medications. Some supplements can make depression worse or make the drug less effective.


Try to get 30 minutes of physical activity 3-5 days a week. Exercise can increase the body’s production of endorphins, the hormones that improve mood.

Avoid alcohol and drugs

Taking or misusing medication can make you feel a little better. However, in the long term, these substances can worsen symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Learn to Say NO

Feeling overwhelmed can make symptoms of anxiety and depression worse. Setting boundaries in your work and personal life can help you feel better.


You can also improve from depression by taking care of yourself. This includes getting enough sleep, eating a healthy diet, avoiding negative people, and participating in fun activities.